Central European Journal of Politics
Central European Journal of Politics, Vol. 1, No. 2 (2015)
Obsah / Content
Pavel Hynčica: Euroskepticismus v politice KDH (Euroscepticism in the politics of the KDH)
Abstract: The Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) is one of the eurosceptic parties of the Slovak party system. This study will focus on analysis of the Christian version of euroscepticism, which is characteristics by strict conservative opinions in cultural and ethical questions and in this context Slovak Christian democracy has reservations for too secular and liberal European Union. This theme has a relation to a phenomenon of nationalism and relation between national and Christian opinions, which in Slovakia forms a basic version of Slovak euroscepticism. In the KDH there are more forms of European politics. While the more eurosceptic part includes, first of all, politicians, which in 2008 year established a specific strict eurosceptic party, the Conservative Democracy of Slovakia (KDS), the more to European Union positive part, includes for example the actual KDH chairman Ján Fígeľ.
Keywords: Slovakia, political party, euroscepticism, Christian democracy, Christian Democratic Movement, Conservative Democracy of Slovakia
How to Cite: Hynčica, P. 2015. „Euroskepticismus v politice KDH.“ Central European Journal of Politics 1 (2): 61–70.
Jakub Charvát: Zastoupení členských zemí a hodnota hlasu v evropských volbách 2014 (Member States’ Representation and the Value of a Vote in the 2014 European Parliamentary Elections)
Abstract: This quantitative analysis deals with an issue of apportionment of seats in the European Parliament amongst the 28 Member States and its goal is to quantify the existing principle for allocating the EP seats, the so-called principle of degressive proportionality provided for in the first subparagraph of Article 14 (2) of the Treaty on European Union. The analysis employs quantitative tools commonly used in electoral analysis for measuring disproportionality of electoral rules (the discrepancy between seats and votes). At the individual (Member State) level, the paper finds both the value of a vote (the average size of population per seat) and how much are each of the Member States overrepresented or underrepresented (by the advantage ratio measure). At the aggregate level for the whole European Parliament representation, the value of malapportionment is measured by the distortion index invented by Loosemore and Hanby (1971), as it was earlier suggested as a suitable strategy for measuring malapportionment by Samuels and Snyder (2001).
Keywords: European Parliament, European elections of 2014, representation, degressive proportionality, value of a vote
How to Cite: Charvát, J. 2015. „Zastoupení členských zemí a hodnota hlasu v evropských volbách 2014.“ Central European Journal of Politics 1 (2): 71–78.
Petr Bláha: Pokus o omezení pravomocí prezidenta Islandu v „nové ústavě“ (Attempt to limit the competencies of the president of Iceland in a „new constitution“)
Abstract: The Republic of Iceland is one of Europe’s democracies that was the most hit by the economic crisis, followed by turbulent political changes including the historical success of the left in the elections to the Althing in 2012. However, the current president has become a certain fixed point of Icelandic policy, which could lean against voters in the election and was subsequently elected as the direct election for a fifth term. This article deals with the analysis of the strong position of the Icelandic president within the Icelandic political system and the planned transformation of the president’s position into a unique constitutional model based on the nationwide selection and Internet voting. The aim of the contribution thus is not only an analysis of the position of the head of state, but also reflection of referenda, which can render well on any proposed changes arising from the specific model of the constitution, which has yet due to political changes does not fit into force.
Keywords: Iceland, president, constitution
How to Cite: Bláha, P. 2015. „Pokus o omezení pravomocí prezidenta Islandu v „nové ústavě“.“ Central European Journal of Politics 1 (2): 79–88.
RECENZE / REVIEWS
Lukáš Jiříček: Anne Applebaumová: Železná opona: podrobení východní Evropy 1944–1956
How to Cite: Jiříček, L. 2015. „Anne Applebaumová: Železná opona: podrobení východní Evropy 1944–1956.“ Central European Journal of Politics 1 (2): 89–93.
Alena Půtová: Ladislav Cabada, Sandra Štollová a kol.: Proměny postavení prezidenta ve střední Evropě
How to Cite: Půtová, A. 2015. „Ladislav Cabada, Sandra Štollová a kol.: Proměny postavení prezidenta ve střední Evropě.“ Central European Journal of Politics 1 (2): 94–98.